Surgery is rarely indicated for athletic stress fractures. Instead, treatment protocols typically include rest, casting or bracing, and physical therapy.
Bone spurs occur when new bone cells form small protrusions on a bone. There are two types of bone spurs—osteophytes and enthesophytes—but these two terms are sometimes used interchangeably.
Trauma to a tendon can result in various forms of tendon injury. A knowledge of the different types of tendon problems can help a patient understand their diagnosis and treatment options.