Knee Injuries

The knee is complex and susceptible to many types of injuries—especially in athletes. The body's largest joint, the knee can receive fractures, sprains, tears, dislocations, and other injuries if athletes do not engage in proper form and technique or do not wear the correct equipment for their sport. Knowing what knee injuries you are at risk for in your sport of choice is an important part of protecting yourself.
Grade I an II knee sprains can be usually treated with a combination of home care and physical therapy exercises. Grade III sprains may require surgery.

Athletes experiencing jumper's knee should first pause activity until symptoms subside, but may also need to explore conservative or even surgical treatment options.

Treatment of a hyperextended knee varies depending on the athlete's knee joint strength, medical history, and future in athletics.

The treatments for runner’s knee, or patellofemoral pain syndrome, range from rest and icing the joint to physical therapy and adjustments in training schedules. Most people will not need surgery.

Jumper's knee, known medically as patellar tendinopathy, occurs when overuse of the knee causes tiny tears to form in the patellar tendon. Jumper's knee can cause knee pain, swelling, bruising, and discomfort during daily activities.

Knee hyperextension occurs when a large amount of stress is placed on one or more of the knee's four ligaments, causing the knee joint to extend beyond its normal range of motion.

Meniscal tears, or tears to the cartilage between the bones of the knee, are a common sports injury, especially among contact-sports players.

Kneecap dislocation occurs when the kneecap is knocked out of place, and is a much more common sports injury than a dislocated knee.

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