Please see the index below for a list of all our articles on Knee Injuries.

If you are new to the subject, we recommend starting with: Guide to Knee Joint Anatomy

Meniscal tears are most commonly caused by a traumatic injury or sports injury, such as an unnatural over-rotation.

Knee sprains cause knee pain and swelling, and sometimes bruising. It can be difficult to put weight on the affected knee and may be difficult to walk.

Diagnosing a kneecap dislocation includes taking a thorough patient history, a physical exam, and medical imaging.
Diagnosing a LCL will require a visit to a health care professional. A person should be prepared to answer questions about the injury and their medical history, undergo a physical exam, and have medical imaging performed.
Diagnosing an MCL sprain or tear may include a patient interview, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging to determine the location and severity of the injury.
The diagnostic process for meniscal tears is first determine if a tear has occurred, then to figure out which is torn, how severely, and what treatment is appropriate.
Diagnosing a posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tear requires a visit to a health care professional. A physician will conduct a patient interview, physical exam, and order medical imaging if necessary.

To diagnose runner’s knee (patellofemoral pain syndrome) a doctor must rule out other conditions that can cause knee pain. Learn how doctors use patient history, clinical examination, and medical imaging to diagnose runner’s knee.