Some people have a higher risk of developing wrist tendonitis than others. Some risk factors are lifestyle-related and therefore preventable, while others are related to age, diseases, and/or genetics, and therefore may not be preventable.
Risk Factors for Wrist Tendonitis
Factors that may increase the risk of developing wrist tendonitis include:
- Repetitive movements1 related to playing sports, house work, and poor workplace ergonomics.
- Age-related changes in the tendon such as stiffness, irregular tissue formation, and up to 50% reduction in the tendon’s ability to bear weight.2
- Metabolic disorders, such as diabetes, high cholesterol, increased uric acid in the blood (which can lead to gout), and obesity.3
- Genetic disorders, such as Ehlers–Danlos syndrome. A common sub-type of this syndrome, the hypermobility type, has a significant association with tendonitis.4
- Medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids (both tablets and injections). These medications may reduce the chances of tendon healing and weaken the structure of tendons if taken frequently or for long durations (more than 14 days).5-7
People with one or more of the above risk factors are advised to seek medical attention if they suspect wrist tendonitis or tendinosis.
Causes of Wrist Tendonitis
Wrist tendonitis may be caused by either an:
- Acute injury8 from falls, motor vehicle accidents, playing sports, and non-penetrating blunt injury may cause wrist tendonitis. In severe cases, the tendon may also tear. Acute tendon injury may cause pain, swelling, and stiffness in the tendon. Sometimes, a tendon injury does not cause symptoms initially, but over time the injury can worsen, and tendonitis symptoms may develop.9
- Repetitive injury1 from playing sports or doing other activities may also cause wrist tendonitis. Repetitive injury may cause pain and stiffness in the tendon. The symptoms usually develop over a period of time and may worsen as the injury progresses.
Wrist ligament and tendon problems can have similar symptoms, as well as similar causes and risk factors. In order to get a correct diagnosis and treatment, it is advised to seek medical attention for any painful symptoms in the wrist.
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Causes of Wrist Tendinosis
If left untreated, wrist tendonitis may progress to tendinosis—a chronic, non-inflammatory condition where the tendon begins to degenerate.8 Wrist tendinosis can also result from repetitive injury to a wrist’s tendon, such as from work or sports.